BerryPharma polyphenol customers claim "all Natural", "No solvents"," European Origin", "Authenticated Anthocyanins" and "Excellent Taste!". They buy liquids, powders and gels. BerryPharma are European supply chain manufacturers for Elderberry, Blackcurrant, Bilberry and Aronia... Click here
Bone loss was assessed in 213 men and 393 women at the hip, spine and arm using a dual-photon absorptiometer at the start of the study, and dual X-ray absorptiometry at the four-year follow-up period.
Sahni and co-workers report that total and supplemental vitamin C intakes were related to the bone mineral density (BMD) of the upper part of the hip bone (trochanter), but only amongst male smokers.
Amongst non-smokers, the researchers observed a relationship between total vitamin C intake and the BMD of the neck of the hip bone (femoral neck).
An association with total vitamin C intake was also observed in all men - smokers and non-smokers – if calcium or vitamin E intakes were low. A higher intake of the vitamin from dietary and supplementary sources was associated with less bone loss over the four years of the study, reported the researchers.
"These results suggest a possible protective role of vitamin C for bone health in older men," they concluded.