When you say "vitamins and minerals In this context, the word "mineral" is used to describe naturally occurring nutrients, which are inorganic elements and compounds such as iron, potassium, and calcium.
What are minerals and vitamins?
Every cell in a living body needs adequate energy and food supply; if a cell needs to work and function properly it has to be maintained without hazardous energy supply. The energy is supplied in the form of proteins, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins and minerals. It is considered important to know about the minerals and vitamins upon what they are constituted and what part they play in our overall health. A significant drop in their volume can lead to dreadful disease and pathological symptoms.
Minerals can be broken down into two basic groups based on their requirement,
- Bulk or macro minerals
- Trace or micro minerals
The macro minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, sodium (salt) potassium and phosphorus are needed in fairly substantial amounts for proper health. Where as, the trace minerals are needed in far smaller quantities and include substances such as zinc, iron, copper, manganese, chromium, selenium, and iodine.
The importance of minerals and vitamins:
Though minerals and vitamins are required in trace quantities, these trace minerals function in a wide and varied form to regulate and balance the body from certain diseases and improper functions. The fitness you are searching for ends with this mineral nutrition that plays a significant role in building fitness and preventing diseases. A nutritional guide you get from a doctor is nothing but a list of these essential minerals and their availability in vegetables and food stuffs and the proportion to acquire.
Why you need them?
The need of minerals can be ascertained at the time of the physiological symptoms of the disease. In night blindness the symptoms start with blurring of vision in the evening and the person gradually loses eyesight due to lack of some minerals. Such deficient diseases can be prevented only through proper supply of minerals.
Here are the list of minerals and their required level in the body to function properly.
List of Minerals required daily for normal adults.
Chromium: 50-200 mcgs
Iron: 15-30 mgs
Magnesium: 300-500 mgs
Manganese: 2.5-5.0 mgs Molybdenum: 75-250 mcgs
Potassium: 2,000-3,500 mgs
Selenium: 70-200 mcgs Zinc: 15-50 mgs